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Maoist Revolutionary parties and organizations in India: “massline.info
Organizations in India
[Last revision: Feb. 18, 2005. This information is subject to further correction and updating.
For more information about a specific organization, click on its name if highlighted below.]
Current Maoist or Mao-influenced Organizations in India
All India Peoples Resistance ForumAIPRF
Founded in 1992. Focuses mainly on democratic rights, opposition
to imperialist globalization, etc. Viewed by some people as a
front group for CPI(ML) People’s War. Some of its adherents,
however, view its program as an alternative to that of the PW Group.
Communist League of India (M-L)CLI(ML)Lal Tara
Founded on Feb. 20, 1978.
Communist Party of India (Maoist)CPI (Maoist)
war in many
states.Formed on Sept. 21, 2004 as a merger of CPI(ML) People’s
War and MCC(I). This is by far the largest and most
important revolutionary party currently engaged in guerrilla warfare
Communist Party of India (M-L)
[A new formation as of 2005]CPI (ML)
Centrist This new party will be formed in January 2005 by a merger of
CPI(ML) [Sanyal Group] and CPI(ML) Red Flag. Both of
these groups are substantial, so the new party will be one of
the more important middle-of-the-road Maoist organizations in India.
CPI (M-L) Bhaijee GroupS. R. Bhaijee Group
Formed in 1990. Active in Bihar.
CPI(ML) Central Team
Formed in 1977. In Aug. 1994 the Punjab section of Central Team
merged with 3 other groups to form the CPRCI(ML), but the
Maharashtra and W
West Bengal sections refused to go along.
CPI (M-L) Janashakti — Rajanna group — Ranadheer group — Chandra Pulla Reddy group — Other factions
CPI (M-L)People’s Power
Formed in July 1992 by merger of 6 CPI(ML) groups. There are nowmany independent groups with this same name. Active in at least8 states. The Rajanna faction is critical of the “mass line” groupswhich it says do not really seem to be advancing toward people’s war.After a period of internal confusion, it seems to have settled ona strategy of guerrilla warfare.
CPI (M-L) Jan Samvad
CPI (M-L)People’s Dialogue
CPI (M-L) Liberation
Claims to be the main continuation of the original CPI(ML). Backedaway from armed struggle in the 1970s. Probably the largest CPI(ML)group. Active in many states including Assam, W. Bengal and Bihar.
CPI (M-L) Maharashtra
[Maharashtra is a state in west India.]
CPI (M-L) Naxalbari
CPI(ML) MUC merged into this group in April 1999. After 2000,a splinter group from the CPI(ML) Red Flag, led by someone namedRauf, merged with CPI(ML) Naxalbari. Rauf is the current Secretary ofthis group. It is affiliated with CCOMPOSA and RIM.
CPI (M-L) New Democracy
New Democracy,Pratirodh ka Swar
Formed in 1988 by Yatendra Kumar. Active in Bihar and elsewhere.Say they favor the “revolutionary mass line”, but also leaning moretoward guerrilla warfare lately.
CPI (M-L) Praja Pratighatana
CPI (M-L)People’s Power
CPI (M-L) Retribution;CPI (M-L) [PhaniBagchi]
Split from CPI(ML) Praja Pratighatana.
CPI (M-L) Provisional CentralCommittee
For a New Democracy
Formed in 1977 with the merger of the CPI(ML) S.N. SinghGroup and the CPI(ML) Unity Committee. The CPI(ML) CentralTeam split off in 1978. In 1980 the C. P. Reddy Groupsplit off. Active in Bihar, etc.
CPI (M-L) Shantipal
CPI (M-L)Santi Pal Group
Formed around 1972 in northern West Bengal. Also activein Bihar, etc.
CPI (M-L) Second Central Committee
Formed in 1972 by Mahadeo Mukerjee, who was later expelled.Active in Bihar, etc.
Communist Party of the UnitedStates of India
Split from CPI(ML) Janashakti in 1997. Wanted more attentionto caste issues.
Communist Party ReorganizationCentre of India (M-L)
Surkh Rekha,The Comrade
Advocatesthe “revolu-tionary massline”.
Formed in 1994 by merger of 4 groups: the Punjab unit of CPI(ML)Central Team; Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India;Communist Unity Centre of India; and the Marxist-LeninistOrganising Centre.
Marxist Communist Party of India
MCPI is a splinter group from the revisionist CPI (Marxist). Althoughits Maoist credentials are weak, it seems to be exploring unity withseveral centrist Maoist groups.
Seems to be a small middle of the road group (i.e., not engagingin guerrilla warfare) in the eastern part of Andhra Pradesh.
Revolutionary Communist Centre,India (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist)
This may be a separate organization from RCCI(Maoist) which mergedwith MCCI in Jan. 2003. It is also affiliated with CCOMPOSA.
Revolutionary Socialist Partyof India (M-L)
Formed in 1969.
Unity Centre of CommunistRevolutionaries of India (M-L)
Formed in 1975 and led by T. Nagi Reddy (who died in 1976) andD.V. Rao. The Punjab Coordination Committee of CommunistRevolutionaries merged with UCCRI in 1976.